Effects of female age at marriage on birth order and utilisation of motherhood services: a district level analysis


  The National Population Policy of India declared to achieve the replacement fertility by 2012. It also lays emphasis on delayed marriage for girls, preferably after 20 years of age. But attaining the replacement fertility level is largely dependent on some of the poor performing states with respect to better utilization of reproductive and child health programme and other family welfare services. The interstate differences with respect to family welfare indicators affect the national goal of attaining the replacement fertility level and similarly the inter district differences affects the state level targets. This paper attempts to study the state level as district level fertility indices for effective planning and implementation of social welfare programme in society. The data from NFHS II and RHS-RCH, 1998-99 were used for the analysis. In this paper it is shown that utilization of ANC services and safe deliveries are negatively associated with proportion of girls married before 18 years of age. The study indicates that a higher proportion of girls are marrying before 18 years of age and if the present trend continues, it will be difficult to achieve the replacement level fertility. 


P. Marimuthu



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Assit Professor, Department of Biostatistic, NIMHANS, Banglore

Year Of Publication