Son Preference, the Family-Building Process and Child Mortality in India


  
Abstract

  India is a country with a pervasive preference for sons and one of the highest levels of excess female child mortality in the world (female child mortality exceeds male child mortality by 43 percent). In this paper, data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) are used to test the hypothesis that son preference influences parity progression and ultimately child mortality. In particular, the survival of female children may be adversely affected by the fact that female births are more often followed by the birth of a younger sibling, especially after a short birth interval. The effects of family composition are estimated with hazard models. The results show that family composition affects fertility behavior in every state examined. The effects of family composition on excess female child mortality are more complex, but female children with older sisters are often subject to the highest risks of mortality.  

Source
http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNACT461.pdf
Author

Fred Arnold, Minja Kim Choe, and T. K. Roy

Country

INDIA

Contact Details

East-West Center, 1601 East-West Road Honolulu, Hawaii 96848-1601

Year Of Publication

1996