Early Marriage and Childbearing in Indonesia and Nepal


  Using large-scale youth surveys conducted in Indonesia in 1999 and in Nepal in 2000, this paper examines age patterns of marriage for males and females, age patterns of motherhood (giving birth to first child), and factors associated with the pace of marriage and pace of motherhood in these two countries. In both countries, the pace of marriage has been slowing in recent years. Among the factors examined, education has the strongest effect on the pace of marriage for both males and females in both countries. Both countries also show large regional variations in the pace of marriage suggesting persisting effects of cultural tradition on marriage behavior. It is not likely that the prevalence of early marriage and early motherhood will disappear quickly in these countries. In order to improve reproductive health there, health intervention programs focusing on young married females need to be developed and implemented. 


Minja Kim Choe, Shyam Thapa, and Sulistinah Achmad



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